I recently signed onto Monty's University and I absolutely love it. I have watched all the Join Up videos a few times and I see the sense in the methods used. However, there is just one aspect of Join Up that I don't quite understand. Monty says that in language equus, the sending away is often used as a disciplinary measure in the horse herd. So when we unclip the long line, back up and then send our horse away, what are we disciplining him for? My horses usually just stay where they are when I back up and I have to slap my shoulders with the rope to get them going. I don't want to confuse my horses by discipling them when they haven't really done anything wrong! Any thoughts?